abuzz with activities. On one side they spin
the wheel of development through
agriculture, horticulture, sericulture, diary, poultry,
handicrafts, handlooms and so on. On the other side
they are the backbone in continuation and
promotion of culture, art, architecture, sculpture,
music, folklore, literature, traditions, customs and
harmony in community life.
Amidst this contribution and splendour, villages are
bogged with issues of disparity and inequity on
lines of gender, caste, religion, education, health,
employment and well being. These differences have
their reflection on socio-economic, political and
cultural spheres upon activities in the village.
Gandhiji believed overcoming of these disparities as
a silver line for realization of goal of Swaraj.
Since independence policymakers through various
schemes and programmes have put onus on
promotion of opportunities for education and
employment, provision of facilities for health,
sanitation and drinking water, construction of
houses, eradication of poverty and abolition of evil
practices of untouchability female infanticide,
discrimination and disharmony in the society from
village level for development in the country. For
achieving this, measures for strengthening of
Panchayati Raj institutions are being initiated from
time to time.
An understanding and appraisal of these is key for
each of the functionary from bottom to helm in the
bureaucracy in the country. The foundation course
for young officers through a visit to rural areas gives
an ample opportunity to know about the prospects
and problems in the villages. My visit to Khanpur-
Khurd village of Jhajjar District in Haryana as part of
my Foundation Course is a memorable experience.
It is of a two-way learning process through exchange
of opinions and experiences with villagers.
The responses elicited by people in village
showcases steady transformation from a hamlet to
present stage with 95% having concrete houses,
cent percent cement roads, sanitation, drinking
water, health centres, anganwadis, primary to
higher secondary school and so on. The village
panchayat is headed by a woman. The women and
under privileged communities are having a say in
the functioning of panchayat in the village.
The awareness of public on issues of rights of
women, child and as electorate is resulting in
bringing a change through improvement in sex
ratio, education of girl child, assertiveness in raising
their demands for Parks, Roads, Libraries,
Electricity, Water and so on in Gram-Sabha
meetings. The public are also aware of ongoing DBT
Scheme. They are enthusiastic and raised many
queries about the scheme. Upon our answers for
their questions they expressed their urge for
implementation of this scheme in their village too.
This way the learning process at grassroots is
amazing and marvelous.